Noida short for the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority is part of National Capital Region of India. Noida came into administrative existence on 17 April 1976 and celebrates 17 April as "Noida Day".Noida is located in GautamBuddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state. The district's administrative headquarters are in the nearby town of Greater Noida. However, the district's highest government official, the District Magistrate (DM), resides in Noida. The city is a part of the Noida Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituency and Gautam Buddha Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency).
Noida is located in GautamBuddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state India. Noida is about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of New Delhi, 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of the district headquarters, Greater Noida and 457 kilometres (284 mi) northwest of the state capital, Lucknow. It is bound on the west and south-west by the Yamuna River, on the north and north-west by the city of Delhi, on the north-east by the cities of Delhi and Ghaziabad, India and on the north-east, east and south-east by the Hindon River. Noida falls under the catchment area of the Yamuna river, and is located on the old river bed. The soil is rich and loamy. the city is also famous for its wide roads, excellent maintenance and modern lifestyle.
In summer, i.e. from March to June, the weather remains hot and temperature ranges from maximum of 48 °C to minimum of 28 °C.Monsoon season prevails during mid-June to mid-September.The cold waves from the Himalayan region makes the winters in Noida chilly and harsh. Temperatures fall down to as low as 3 to 4 °C at the peak of winters. Noida also has fog and smogproblems. In January, a dense fog envelopes the city, reducing visibility on the streets.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Noida had a population of 642,381 out of which males were 352,577 and females were 289,804. The literacy rate was 88.58 per cent. There are people of almost all major religions, but the majority practise Hinduism. Many famous Hindu temples are located in the city, some of the more famous among which are Sai Baba Temple in Sector-61, Hanuman temple in Sector-22 & ISKCON temple in Sector-33. A Shia Jama Masjid in Sector-50 and a Catholic Church in Sector-34 are also well known.
Noida has expanded many folds in the last 5 to 6 years, primarily towards south and south east, along the new roads i.e. the Greater Noida Expressway and Yamuna Expressway. It can be bisected along the lateral KalindiKunj – City Centre Road (running west to east), with old Noida on to the North and New Noida to the South. We have loosely termed them as ‘old’ and ‘new’ based on the infrastructural developments taking place. Old Noida has limited space left for expansion whereas New Noida is booming with infrastructural developments. Our focus would be on New Noida as we have termed it.
New Noida is bisected by Greater Noida Expressway (originating from KalindiKunj Junction and terminating at Greater Noida), Yamuna and Hindon Rivers running parallel from north to south (and west to east in that order). Road from Noida City centre moves towards east (direction of Dadri) and then turns south to finally terminate at far east end of Greater Noida at Bodaki. The Yamuna Expressway originates from Greater Noida Expressway junction at Greater Noida and travels south towards Mathura. New Noida can be sectorised along these landmarks.
Greater Noida Expressway
This has sectors of Noida from 94 to 151 which are located west and east of the road. The area is witnessing humungous real estate growth, residential as well as commercial. The sector roads are already developed at a number of places and a few are under development. A few sectors like 99A are already developed and inhibited. However, there are a few Village pockets existing astride the road.
The township starts at the point of termination of the Greater Noida Expressway and reasonably developed with its own infrastructure in terms of commercial space, educational institutes etc. The roads are well laid out and developed. The township is spreading eastwards with new sectors coming up. However, law and order remains an issue.
Greater Noida West
Noida Extension has been rechristened as Greater Noida West. The sectors are laid out astride the road from Noida city centre moving east and then south towards the junction near Bodaki at Greater Noida, the road is under construction and would take a few years for completion. With the major spate of litigations having been resolved this sector is booming with real estate activity. A number of residential and commercial projects are lined up for completion in the next 1 to 3 years. The Roads are well laid out with connectivity towards Noida as well as Greater Noida.
Though the sectors have been demarcated along the Expressway but the only landmark on the road still remains the Formula 1 Track. The real estate scenario is likely to change with two major universities having come up, namely, Gautam Buddha and Galgotia University. A number of projects are taking off in and around the Formula 1. The internal sector roads are still to come up and development is slower as compared to other areas of Noida. Law and order again remains an issue.
Comparative Analysis Noida
|Sr. No.||Locality/Sector||Sectors||Status||Market Rates||Advantages||Disadvantages|
|1.||Noida||50, 51, 74, 75, 76, 77 78, 79, 112, 113, 115, 116, 117, 118, 70, 71||Well developed with existing infrastructure||# Metro within reachable distance.
# Neighbouring areas already developed.
# Well connected by road.
|# Neighbouring area already saturated
# Narrow sector roads..
|2.||Greater Noida Expressway||44, 96, 97, 98, 105, 108, 93A, 93B,136, 142, 143B, 145, 146, 148A, 94, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 132, 134, 135, 168, 167, 166, 163, 161, 159, 157, 154, 153, 151, 150, 149||A No. of Societies have come up. Certain sectors coming up well.||# Well connected due to the Expressway.
# By lanes well developed.
# Infrastructure coming up rapidly.
|# Few village pockets
# Certain sectors will take time to come up.
# Limited connect between sectors on east and west of the road for infrastructure exploit.
|3.||Greater Noida||A No. of Societies have come up. But the road will take min 1 to 2 years to complete.||
# Well connected with access to Greater Noida and Yamuna Expressway.
# Existing infrastructure.
# Metro planned and cleared.
|#  Law and order a major problem.
#  New sectors will take time to develop, minimum 3 to 4 years.
|4.||Greater Noida West||1, 2, 3, 4, Tech Zone IV, 10, 12, 16, 16A, 16B, 16C||The area is under development on a fast track||# Excellent location.
# Well connected.
# Metro to come up.
|# Development work will go on for the next 4 to 5 years minimum.
# Few village pockets exist.
|5.||Yamuna Expressway||22 A to D, 25||Will take time for the infrastructure to come up||# Low costs.
# Sectors astride the Expressway.
|# Village pockets.
# Sector roads yet to come up.
# Primarily an investors market, few first time buyers.
# Will take 4 to 5 years to come up.
# Law and order a major issue.
|6.||Golf Course Road||Posh localities||# The luytensof gurgaon.
# Metro in place
# High end societies.
|# Most Expensive area.|